Mathew Blurton-Jones, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Neurobiology and Behavior; Faculty, UC Irvine Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders (UCI MIND), University of California, Irvine

Dr. Matt Blurton-Jones is an associate professor in the Department of Neurobiology and Behavior at the University of California, Irvine (UCI) and director of the UCI ADRC iPS cell core and the UCI Stem Cell CRISPR core. His current research utilizes human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells and chimeric mouse models to examine the underlying molecular mechanisms that drive the development and progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). His earlier studies were among the first to show that neural stem cells can improve cognitive and motor function in transgenic models of neurodegeneration by elevating levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and enhancing plasticity. His lab also demonstrated that the adaptive immune system restrains the development of AD pathology by modulating microglial activation states. More recently, his group developed one of the leading approaches to differentiate patient-derived iPS cells into microglia (Abud et. al., Neuron, 2017) and generated chimeric models to study human microglial function in vivo (Hasselmann et. al., Neuron, 2019). Ongoing work in the Blurton-Jones lab is now combining iPS cells, CRISPR gene editing, and chimeric modeling to examine the impact of AD-associated genes on human microglial function (McQuade et al., Nat Comm, 2020).

Funded Research

These projects were made possible from Cure Alzheimer's Fund support.

Selected Publications

These published papers resulted from Cure Alzheimer’s Fund support.

Kang, Y. J., Hyeon, S. J., McQuade, A., Lim, J., Baek, S. H., Diep, Y. N., Do, K. V., Jeon, Y., Jo, D. G., Lee, C. J., Blurton-Jones, M., Ryu, H., & Cho, H. Neurotoxic Microglial Activation via IFNγ-Induced Nrf2 Reduction Exacerbating Alzheimer’s Disease, Advanced Science, March 14, 2024, Read More

Kiani Shabestari, S., Morabito, S., Danhash, E. P., McQuade, A., Sanchez, J. R., Miyoshi, E., Chadarevian, J. P., Claes, C., Coburn, M. A., Hasselmann, J., Hidalgo, J., Tran, K. N., Martini, A. C., Chang Rothermich, W., Pascual, J., Head, E., Hume, D. A., Pridans, C., Davtyan, H., Swarup, V., … Blurton-Jones, M. Absence of microglia promotes diverse pathologies and early lethality in Alzheimer’s disease mice, Cell Reports, June 14, 2022, Read More

Eskandari-Sedighi, G., & Blurton-Jones, M. Microglial APOE4: more is less and less is more, Molecular Neurodegeneration, December 19, 2023, Read More

Han, C. Z., Li, R. Z., Hansen, E., Trescott, S., Fixsen, B. R., Nguyen, C. T., Mora, C. M., Spann, N. J., Bennett, H. R., Poirion, O., Buchanan, J., Warden, A. S., Xia, B., Schlachetzki, J. C. M., Pasillas, M. P., Preissl, S., Wang, A., O'Connor, C., Shriram, S., Kim, R., … Coufal, N. G. Human microglia maturation is underpinned by specific gene regulatory networks, Immunity, August 14, 2023, Read More

Liu T, Zhu B, Liu Y, Zhang X, Yin J, Li X, Jiang L, Hodges AP, Rosenthal SB, Zhou L, Yancey J, McQuade A, Blurton-Jones M, Tanzi RE, Huang TY, Xu H. Multi-omic comparison of Alzheimer’s variants inhuman ESC–derived microglia reveals convergence at APOE, Journal of Experimental Medicine, September 17, 2020, Read More

You, Y., Muraoka, S., Jedrychowski, M. P., Hu, J., McQuade, A. K., Young-Pearse, T., Aslebagh, R., Shaffer, S. A., Gygi, S. P., Blurton-Jones, M., Poon, W. W., & Ikezu, T. Human neural cell type-specific extracellular vesicle proteome defines disease-related molecules associated with activated astrocytes in Alzheimer’s disease brain, Journal of Extracellular Vesicles, January 13, 2022, Read More

McQuade, A., Kang, Y. J., Hasselmann, J., Jairaman, A., Sotelo, A., Coburn, M., Shabestari, S. K., Chadarevian, J. P., Fote, G., Tu, C. H., Danhash, E., Silva, J., Martinez, E., Cotman, C., Prieto, G. A., Thompson, L. M., Steffan, J. S., Smith, I., Davtyan, H., Cahalan, M., … Cho, H., Blurton-Jones, M. Gene expression and functional deficits underlie TREM2-knockout microglia responses in human models of Alzheimer’s disease, Nature Communications, October 23, 2020, Read More

Dolan, M. J., Therrien, M., Jereb, S., Kamath, T., Gazestani, V., Atkeson, T., Marsh, S. E., Goeva, A., Lojek, N. M., Murphy, S., White, C. M., Joung, J., Liu, B., Limone, F., Eggan, K., Hacohen, N., Bernstein, B. E., Glass, C. K., Leinonen, V., Blurton-Jones, M., … Stevens, B. Exposure of iPSC-derived human microglia to brain substrates enables the generation and manipulation of diverse transcriptional states in vitro, Nature Immunology, July 27, 2023, Read More

Claes, C., England, W. E., Danhash, E. P., Kiani Shabestari, S., Jairaman, A., Chadarevian, J. P., Hasselmann, J., Tsai, A. P., Coburn, M. A., Sanchez, J., Lim, T. E., Hidalgo, J. L. S., Tu, C., Cahalan, M. D., Lamb, B. T., Landreth, G. E., Spitale, R. C., Blurton-Jones, M., & Davtyan, H. The P522R protective variant of PLCG2 promotes the expression of antigen presentation genes by human microglia in an Alzheimer’s disease mouse model, Alzheimer's & Dementia, February 9, 2022, Read More

Paolicelli, R. C., Sierra, A., Stevens, B., et al. Microglia states and nomenclature: A field at its crossroads, Neuron, November 2, 2022, Read More